Monday, September 29, 2014

“Cask of Amontillado” Reflection Questions

1. How many characters does Poe include in The Cask of Amontillado? What are their names?
    They are two characters. Their names are Montresor and Fortunato
2. What drink are the French most famous for?
     They are famous for wine.
3. Does Montresor have something of great value to him that we might consider to be his treasure? Hint: It is not the Amontillado wine (which is Spanish
anyway, not French, and doesn't really exist-it is merely a trick to get Fortunato
to go down into the catacombs). 
       Montresor treasures his revenge.

4.  How did Fortunato cause Montresor to lose face in the story?
The third paragraph of the story appears in full below. Read it carefully and try to
imagine how Fortunato might have insulted Montresor.

"He had a weak point—this Fortunato—although in other regards he was a man to be
respected and even feared. He prided himself on his connoisseurship in wine. Few
Italians have the true virtuoso spirit. For the most part their enthusiasm is adopted to suit
the time and opportunity to practice imposture upon the British and Austrian millionaires.
In painting and gemmary Fortunato, like his countrymen, was a quack, but in the matter of
old wines he was sincere. In this respect I did not differ from him materially;—I was skillful in
the Italian vintages myself, and bought largely whenever I could."
       The insult might be related to his wine tasting ability.
5. Does Montresor seem to have much respect for Italians? Which lines in the
paragraph above reveal his contempt?
     No, he called them all quacks which means to be a fake.
6. What was Fortunato's insult?
      The insult was never stated in the story.
7. Why does Montresor entertain Fortunato with wines from his collection?
      Montresor uses wine to get Fortunato even more drunk.
8. In what two ways does Montresor imprison Fortunato?
The story, The Cask of Amontillado, first appeared in an anthology of Poe's
stories entitled Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque. Arabesque comes from the word Arab and refers to ornaments, decorations and motifs in Arabic art, where figures of flowers, fruits and sometimes animal outlines appear in elaborate patterns of interlaced lines. particularly those which have been borrowed by other cultures. Such arabesque patterns are reflected in some of the designs and motifs of the batik of Indonesia and Malaysia.
By analogy, then, an arabesque story is one of intricate design, which is told
through the use of fanciful language. Because arabesque graphic designs sometimes depict fantastic creatures, Poe and others also applied this term to tales that dealt with fantastic or supernatural happenings. Grotesque refers to something distorted, ugly, abnormal, fantastic, or bizarre to the point of being ludicrous or absurd. In a grotesque story, characters are physically or psychologically deformed and engage in actions that may be abnormal or comically absurd.
        Montresor chains him to the wall and then he buried him alive.
9.  In what ways is The Cask of Amontillado grotesque? First, which of Montresor's actions are abnormal?
          It's about revenge and death.
10. Is there anything grotesque about Fortunato?
         The thing about Fortunato that is so grotsque is that he insults a lot of people.
11.  List three examples of foreshadowing in the story.
           -Montresor says 'your happy as I once was."
           -Montresor toasts to his long life
           - The snake that bit his foot is now getting crushed
12.  What mood is imparted on the reader?
            It is a chilling story.
13.  What is the setting of the story?
           The setting is taking place at carnival.  It's taking place in Montreosrs catacombs.
Humor Hunt
There are also numerous comic touches that Poe adds to this grotesque tale.
•Fortunato's name means lucky in Italian. This is ironic language play, as he was
hardly the lucky one in this story.
•Fortunato is dressed in a court jester's or fool's garb, complete with striped outfit
and cap and bells.
•The jingling of the bells of the cap in the catacombs.
•Montresor's exaggerated concern for Fortunato's health.
•A joke: Not knowing Montresor plans to kill him, Fortunato says, I shall not die of
a cough. To which Montresor replies, True-true.
•Pun: Montresor telling Fortunato he is a mason. (Fortunato was referring to
members of the society of Freemasons). Montresor reveals the trowel (a tool
used to apply mortar or cement) which he will use to build the wall which
entombs Fortunato.
•Fortunato's drunken condition.
•Fortunato bumping into the dead end of the niche where he will be entombed
and then looking bewildered.
•Fortunato's delirious laughter at the end.
•Another pun: Let us be gone. Montresor repeats Fortunato's words, not saying
that they shall leave together, but that Fortunato will be gone from this life.

Poe and the Short Story
Testing Poe's Theory of the Short Story on his own writing
Many critics consider Poe to be the father of the modern short story. He was the
first writer to define the short story as a distinct literary form. In a review of Nathaniel Hawthorne's anthology, Twice-Told Tales in Graham's Magazine, May 1842, he described his personal theory on how to construct a "tale":

"A skillful literary artist has constructed a tale. If wise, he has not fashioned his thoughts to
accommodate his incidents: but having conceived, with deliberate care, a certain unique
or single effect to be wrought out, he then invents such incidents—he then combines
such events as may best aid him in establishing this preconceived effect. If his very initial
sentence tends not to the outbringing of this effect, then he has failed in his first step. In
the whole composition there should be no work written, of which the tendency, direct or
indirect, is not to the one pre-established design. And by such means, with such care and
skill, a picture is at length painted which leaves in the mind of him who contemplates it with
a kindred art, a sense of the fullest satisfaction."

How well does Poe follow his own rules?

14. What is the single effect of the story on the reader?
        It's going to be horror since it's about murder and revenge.
15. How do all incidents help Poe to establish this effect?
         Montresor buries Fortunato alive at the end.
16. How does the first sentence bring out the horror of the tale?
         Montresor claims that he will get revenge.
17. How does the whole story follow a single pre-established design?
         The story follows the pattern of revenge perfectly.
18. Does the reader feel satisfied at the end of the story?
          I felt startled and shocked

Monday, September 15, 2014

Adrian Rodriguez
Period 5

The Lottery Questions

1. Through “The Lottery”, what point does Shirley Jackson make about tradition?
    In the lottery, they mention that they only follow the whole tradition is because that's the only thing that they know what to do.
2. What foreshadowing clues does Shirley Jackson incorporate into her story?
    In the beginning, all of the kids started to gather many rocks is because they knew what was going to happen in the future.
3. What is the setting for “The Lottery”? Why is that so important to the theme of the story?
    The setting for “The Lottery” is June 27th.  It is important is because it doesn't say any detail what year it was or anything like that.  It also represents that it can happen anywhere
4. What mood does “The Lottery” instill in it’s readers? How does it do this?
    It would instill a good mood once you first started reading.  It did this in the beginning when it said it was a nice beautiful day and how it was all like a normal town.  Then as we progressed into the story , it started seem a little darker as we read.
5. What do we know about when the lottery was started?
    We know that the head of the families, most likely the men, would go up and take a piece of paper from a box and then every individual of the families would take a piece of paper from the box.
6. How do the townspeople feel about making changes to the lottery? How do you know?
    The townspeople don’t matter about making the changes during the lottery.  I know this is because they didn’t say anything to stop making the change. The little they don't mind but they don't want to change the lottery.
7. What is the general attitude of the townspeople as they wait for the lottery to begin?
The general attitude of the townspeople as they waited for the lottery to begin was that they were nervous.
8. What specific evidence in the text helped you determine this?
    Evidence said that the majority of the people stood away from the stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed.  This shows that they didn’t really want the lottery to begin.
9. Is the lottery a collective act of murder? Is it morally justified? Is tradition sufficient justification for such actions? How would you respond to cultures that are different from ours that perform “strange” rituals?
    The lottery is not a collective act of murder.  In our society it would be an act of murder.  They don’t know what is right from wrong is because the whole concept of the lottery is tradition and they don’t know why they do it.  They just do it since they’ve been doing it for a really long time.
10. What genre of literature would you classify this story? Why?
    I would choose the genre “mystery” is because they don’t know why they keep doing the lottery each and every year.  They only do it is because they know it’s tradition.

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

2.  I chose the book Childhood's End for one of my selected summer reading book is because I thought it was going to be an interesting book to pass by time during the summer.  The first time I read the little summary on the back of the book, I thought it be cool to read about aliens trying save us from extinction.  

3.  This book was about these alien ships appearing over city in the entire world just on one day unexpectedly.  Humans called them the overlords.  The overlords came to Earth to save us from extinction since there was so many problems happening at the same time around the world.  They said that they would reveal themselves 50 years later.  After those 50 years were up, they revealed themselves to the world.  The looked like the devil. Then they started taking away the children from their parents is because of their telopathic powers.  They moved them to an island.  Then since the parents didn't know what to do without their children, they started committing suicide.  Then when all of this was happening, Jan was actually traveling to the overlords planet.  After she was done exploring for a few weeks, she returned to Earth and realized there was no one since all f the other kids died on the lonely island.

4.  The best part about the book was when the overlords revealed themselves to the world.  I though that was the best part of the book is because I wasn't expecting them to look like the devil.  It always kept me thinking of what they were going to look like, so I thought it made the book better is because it always kept the reader thinking.  Another reason why I thought the part when the overlords revealed themselves was the best part of the book is because it didn't really seem like everyone was scared of them.  The last reason why this was my favorite part of the book is because I thought it was very interesting that the writer made them look like the devil instead of something that would seem like out of this world.

5.  I think the worst part of the book is when everyone started to commit suicide.  I think that it was the worst part of the book is because all of the overlords work went to waste.  I thought that it wouldn't be the best way to end a very confusing book.  That made it even more difficult to understand why they would commit suicide.  Lastly, I think that it was the worst part of the book is because after all of the overlords work, it was supposed to be a golden age and it ended up being the saddest ending of a book.

6. I wouldn't recommend this book to other students is because I had a rough time trying to understand what was happening during the book the whole time.